Generating the keys
From the root of your Android tree, run these commands, altering the
subject line to reflect your information:
subject='/C=US/ST=California/L=Mountain View/O=Android/OU=Android/CN=Android/emailAddressemail@example.com' mkdir ~/.android-certs for x in releasekey platform shared media; do \ ./development/tools/make_key ~/.android-certs/$x "$subject"; \ done
You should keep these keys safe, and store the passphrase in a secure location.
Generating an install package
Generating and signing target files
After following the build instructions for your device, instead of running
run the following:
breakfast <codename> mka target-files-package dist
Sit back and wait for a while - it may take a while depending on your computer’s specs. After it’s finished, you just need to sign all the APKs:
croot ./build/tools/releasetools/sign_target_files_apks -o -d ~/.android-certs \ out/dist/*-target_files-*.zip \ signed-target_files.zip
Generating the install package
Now, to generate the installable zip, run:
./build/tools/releasetools/ota_from_target_files -k ~/.android-certs/releasekey \ --block --backup=true \ signed-target_files.zip \ signed-ota_update.zip
Then, install the zip in recovery as you normally would.
Using a migration build
You can set up your own migration builds by running:
repopick -f 192655 -P vendor/lineage repopick -f 192656 -P frameworks/base
Then, follow the instructions to generate an install package.
After installing the migration build, you can switch back to building normal builds:
cd vendor/lineage git reset --hard github/lineage-15.1 croot cd frameworks/base git reset --hard github/lineage-15.1
Using a script
You can also use a script or small flashable zip designed to be run once, before installing
a build with the new keys. The script is available under
The script can also be made into a zip, by inserting it into a zip similar to
this. This zip has the script placed in
META-INF/com/google/android/update-binary with some additions to print status messages to
Test-keys to official or vice versa
If you are moving from a test-keys build (eg an “unsigned” unofficial build) to an official LineageOS build, you can push the script to your device and run it from Android:
adb root # This requires an userdebug/eng build and ADB root access to be enabled adb shell stop adb push ./lineage/scripts/key-migration/migration.sh /data/local/tmp/migration.sh adb shell chmod +x /data/local/tmp/migration.sh adb shell sh /data/local/tmp/migration.sh official adb reboot recovery # Now install the official LineageOS install zip
Or run it from recovery:
# Ensure both /data and /system are mounted, then continue adb push ./lineage/scripts/key-migration/migration.sh /data/local/tmp/migration.sh adb shell chmod +x /data/local/tmp/migration.sh adb shell /data/local/tmp/migration.sh official
If you are migrating from an official build to your own “unsigned” builds, you can run the script in the same way, but instead using the argument “unofficial” instead of “official”.
Test-keys to your own release-keys or vice versa
If you are moving from test-keys to your own signed builds, you can add your own keys to the
script. First, export your keys to the required format, by running the script in
This will print the keys and certs to the terminal in the format required. Next, edit the
script to use your keys. You will need to comment out (by prepending a
#), or remove the
existing definitions of the “release” keys and certs. Now, copy and paste your output from
above into the script where the previous lines were. Make sure to leave the “test” keys and
certs definitions untouched.
Your script is ready to go! Push it to the device and run it, in the same way as described above, then install your own signed zip. If you ever need to run this in reverse, simply use the “unofficial” argument instead of “official”, and your keys will be replaced with the official keys.